雅思写作高分句型讲解 秒变逻辑写作高手


摘要:英语的魅力在于它在丰富多彩的句式下展现的逻辑性,在雅思写作中,这一点也是关键的考核点之一。让自己的整个行文,从导入,到主体论证的过程,到结尾,一以贯之有始有终地表达自己的观点。这种逻辑性从何而来?先来学一些表达因果关系的句式吧。

对于雅思写作来说,当你已经不再为那些所谓的高分词汇加分万能模板而傻傻地心动,不再为一堆的低级语法错误目瞪口呆时,你应该已经跨过了雅思写作提升的初中阶,在向着高阶的雅思写作迈进。这个时候,行文的逻辑严密性就十分关键了。有理有据,不过不少刚刚好地把你的观点,论据串联表达出来,展现一个雅思写作高手的素养。本文将从表达逻辑常用的一种关系-因果关系入手,来具体讲述如何用多样的句型写出有逻辑的文字。

雅思写作高分句型之1. 双名词从句式

Another reason why people from the countryside transfer to the city is
because of the modern conveniences that city living brings.

解析:适用于引入原因(带题目关键词)

句型框架:主语从句+ is because of the 原因 +宾语从句 (包括主从,宾从两个名词性从句)

例句中,people from the countryside transfer to the city
是对题目关键信息的复述,句型中“原因”部分使用一个名词或名词词组。

Exercise: causes of congestion in megacities

雅思写作高分句型之2. 三组P+O式

Today more and more people rely on cars instead of walking, have less
physical demands at work and prefer inactive leisure activities. This results in
burning less calories and gaining weight.

解析:适用于解释句,说明三种具体原因或结论段总结原因和结果

句型框架:主语+ P.O.1 , P.O.2 and P.O.3 . This results in doing sth.1 and doing
sth.2.

例句中,三组P+O (谓语+宾语)是平行结构,第二句的”This” 指代三组P+O; doing sth.1 是result,doing
sth.2是ultimate result。

Exercise: causes of overpopulation

雅思写作高分句型之3. “原因+细化方面解释” 式

Effluents are another by-product of industries which poses threat to the
environment; leather and tanning industries, petroleum industries and chemical
manufacturing industries create major waste products which are released directly
into nearby streams without treatment, creating river pollution and causing harm
to aquatic life.

解析:适用于说明一个原因(论点)后紧接着把这个原因的几个方面具体化论述。

句型框架:原因 is another by-product of … which poses threat to 主题词; 具体方面1,具体方面2 and
具体方面3 create … which are V+ed ….without…, V+ing …..to …

例句中,which are…的部分是定语从句,Ving…to…是非谓语用法。

Exercise: cyber crime

雅思写作高分句型之4. X(root cause), Y(cause), Z(result)式

Some people believe that global warming is a result of burning fossil fuels,
as this causes increased carbon dioxide in the atmosphere.

解析: 这里我们把造成global warming (result)的原因分为burning fossil fuels(root
cause)和increased carbon dioxide(cause), 原因和根本原因,然后用适合的句式组织起来,使得逻辑论证层次更丰富。

句型框架: Some people believe that …(result) is a result of … (root cause), as
this causes ….(cause).

具体的句式组织还可以是以下五种,R(result), C(cause), RC (root cause):

ü (R) has been directly affected by (RC), as this allows for (C).

ü As a result of (RC) leading to (C), (R) has been possible.

ü (RC), thus allowing for (C), has resulted in (R).

ü (RC) results in (C), which in turn leads to (R).

ü Given (RC), it follows that (C) would mean (R)

Exercise: cause and root cause of obesity

雅思写作高分句型之5. “双非谓语” 结构

Air pollution resulting from the factory and vehicle emission poses serious
health concerns, considering the irritation of the eyes, nose, and throat, as
well as increased risk of heart attack.

解析:把问题的原因和具体结果都用非谓语形式体现,主语只说关键词造成问题(概括性的名词),即air pollution poses serious
health concerns.

句型框架:关键词 resulting from… and … poses serious …concerns, considering … as well
as…

例句中,描述air pollution 的形成原因部分resulting
from和造成的健康问题具体包括什么considering都使用的是非谓语形式。

Exercise: cause and effect of social networking

句型虽好,可不要贪心。具体写作时并不是复杂句越多越好,一篇文章中用1-2个这样的逻辑句型就可以,大多数还是要使用基础句型,逻辑清晰,准确表达更重要。

雅思写作高分句型答案:

This is only a possible version; you can create other correct sentences with
the same structure

Exercise 1: causes of congestion in megacities

The reason why traffic congestion in megacities is increasing is because of
the excessive growth of vehicle numbers that growing population brings.

Exercise 2: causes of overpopulation

Today, the advanced science have offered better medical facilities, promoted
fertility treatment, and brought down death rate. This results in increasing
population growth and becoming overpopulated gradually.

Exercise 3: cyber crime

Cyber-crime is another by-product of technology advancement which poses
threat to the social security; internet fraud, online piracy and spread of
violent and pornographic content create great risks which are available easily
on the web without screening, causing harm to the social order.

Exercise 4: cause and root cause of obesity

Some people believe that obesity is a result of inactive life, as this causes
less exercise and over eating.

Exercise 5: cause and effect of social media

Development of social networking resulting from technological advancement and
fast-paced modern life poses serious social concerns, considering gradually
alienated relationship between people, as well as deteriorated interpersonal
communication skills.

以上就是小编为大家带来的《雅思写作高分句型讲解
秒变逻辑写作高手》的全部内容。想让自己的雅思大作文不再受千篇一律的模板,陈词滥调的表达所累,要赢得阅卷考官的亲睐,除了自身的持续努力之外,请持续关注阿卡索雅思频道的满分范文。祝2018年与雅思一战即分手相忘于江湖。

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