“have+宾语+分词”结构用法归纳 _初中英语


“have+宾语+分词”结构用法归纳

  一、have+宾语+现在分词

  (1) 使(让)某人(某事物)一直做在做某事:

  He had the light burning all night. 他让灯亮了一整夜。

  Within minutes he had the whole audience laughing and clapping. 没出几分钟他就让全体听众笑起来,鼓起掌来。

  (2) 容忍或允许某人做某事(用于否定句,尤与 won’t, can’t连用):

  He won’t have boys arriving late. 他不允许孩子们迟到。

  I won’t have you smoking at your age. 我不能让你在这个年纪就抽烟。

  (3) 说服或命令某人做某事:

  He had me doing all kinds of jobs for her. 他叫我为她做各种事情。

  二、have+宾语+过去分词

  (1) 请(让)别人做某事:

  We had the machine repaired. 我们请人修理了机器。

  Why don’t you have your hair cut? 你为什么不理发?

  【注】有时指无意志的行为:

  He had his salary raised. 他加薪了。

  (2) 经历或遭遇某情况:

  He had his finger cut. 他的手指弄伤了。

  I had my watch stolen yesterday. 我的表昨天被人偷去了。

  (3) 完成或解决某事:

  He had 1000 yuan saved last year. 他去年存了1000元。

  I’ve had all my mistakes corrected. 我已把所有的错误都改正过来了。

  (4) 容忍或允许做某事(用于否定句,尤与 won’t, can’t 等连用):

  We won’t have anything said against the Party. 我们不允许有人这样攻击党。

 

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