最近14年(含2008年)高考英语语法题的详解·状语从句 _高中英语

  • A+

  1. __________ Mother will wait for him to have dinner together. (NMET 1997)

  A. However late is he B. However late he is

  C. However is he late D. However he is late

  2. After the war, a new school building was put up __________ there had once been a theatre. (NMET 1997)

  A. that B. when

  C. which D. where

  3. Why do you want a new job __________ you’ve got such a good one already? (NMET1998)

  A. that B. where

  C. which D. when

  4. —I’m going to the post office.

  —__________ you’re there, can you get me some stamps? (NMET 1999)

  A. As B. While

  C. Because D. If

  5. You should make it a rule to leave things __________ you can find them again. (NMET 1999)

  A. when B. where

  C. then D. which

  6. __________ you’re got a chance, you might as well make full use of it. (NMET 1999)

  A. Now that B. After

  C. Although D. As soon as

  7. We’ll have to finish the job, __________. (NMET 1999)

  A. long it takes however B. it takes however long

  C. long however it takes D. however long it takes

  8. Someone called me up in the middle of the night, but they hung up __________ I could answer the phone. (NMET 2000)

  A. as B. since

  C. until D. before

  9. The WTO cannot live up to its name __________ it does not include a country that is home to one fifth of mankind. (NMET 2000)

  A. as long as B. while

  C. if D. even though

  10. John shut everybody out of the kitchen __________ he could prepare his grand surprise for the party. (NMET 2002)

  A. which B. when

  C. so that D. as if

  11. Don’t be afraid of asking for help __________ it is needed. (NMET 2003)

  A. unless B. since

  C. although D. when

  12. We won’t give up __________ we should fail 10 times. (1993上海卷)

  A. even if B. since

  C. whether D. until

  13. __________ you have seen both fighters, __________ will win? (1995上海卷)

  A. Since; do you think who B. As; who do you think

  C. When; who ever D. Since; who do you think

  14. __________ much advice I gave him, he did exactly what he wanted to do. (1996上海 )

  A. How B. Whatever

  C. However D. No matter

  15. I thought her nice and honest __________ I met her. (1998上海卷)

  A. first time B. for the first time

  C. the first time D. by the first time

  16. __________ your composition carefully, some spelling mistakes can be avoided. (1999上海卷)

  A. Having checked B. Check

  C. If you check D. To check

  17. __________ everybody knows about it, I don’t want to talk any more. (1999上海卷)

  A. For B. Even

  C. Since D. However

  18. She found her calculator __________ she lost it. (2000上海卷)

  A. where B. while

  C. in which D. that

  19. __________, I have never seen anyone who’s as capable as John. (2001上海卷)

  A. As long as I have traveled B. Now that I have traveled so much

  C. Much as I have traveled D. As I have traveled so much

  20. A good storyteller must be able to hold his listeners’ curiosity __________ he reaches the end of the story. (2003上海卷)

  A. when B. unless

  C. after D. until

  21. —Dad, I’ve finished my assignment.

  —Good, and __________ you play or watch TV, you mustn’t disturb me. (2003上海卷)

  A. whenever B. whether

  C. whatever D. no matter

  22. John may phone tonight. I don’t want to go out __________ he phones. (2000北京春)

  A. as long as B. in order that

  C. in case D. so that

  23. You will succeed in the end __________ you give up halfway. (2001上海春)

  A. even if B. as though

  C. as long as D. unless

  24. —Did you remember to give Mary the money you owed her?

  —Yes, I gave it to her __________ I saw her. (2001北京春)

  A. while B. the moment

  C. suddenly D. once

  25. The famous scientist grew up __________ he was born and in 1930 he came to Shanghai. (2002上海春)

  A. when B. whenever

  C. where D. wherever

  26. Mr Hall understands that __________ math has always been easy for him, it is not easy for the students. (2003北京春)

  A. unless B. since

  C. although D. when

  27. —Was his father very strict with him when he was at school?

  —Yes. He had never praised him __________ he became one of the top students in his grade. (2003北京春)

  A. after B. unless

  C. until D. when

  28. Sally worked late in the evening to finish her report __________ her boss could read it first next morning. (2003北京春)

  A. so that B. because

  C. before D. or else

  29. He made a mistake, but then he corrected the situation __________ it got worse. (2003北京)

  A. until B. when

  C. before D. as

  30. __________ I know the money is safe, I shall not worry about it. (2003北京)

  A. Even though B. Unless

  C. As long as D. while

  31. __________ I can see, there is only one possible way to keep away from the danger. (2004北京春)

  A. As long as     B. As far as

  C. Just as   D. Even if

  32. __________I accept that he is not perfect, I do actually like the person. (2004江苏卷)

  A. While B. Since

  C. Before D. Unless

  33. It was evening __________ we reached the little town of Winchester. (2004天津卷)

  A. that B. until

  C. since D. before

  34. __________ you call me to say you’re not coming, I’ll see you at the theatre. (2004四川卷)

  A. Though B. Whether

  C. Until D. Unless

  35. __________ modeling business is by no means easy to get into, the good model will always be in demand. (2004浙江卷)

  A. While B. Since

  C. As D. If


  1. B。however 与它所修饰的形容词或副词要位于让步状语从句的前面,且用陈述句的词序。

  2. D。where 引导地点状语从句,意为“(在)…的地方(=in the place in which)”。

  3. D。when 引导原因状语从句,意为“既然(=since)”。此题是选自《朗文英汉双解词典》when 词条中的原句。句意为:你既然已经有了这么好的工作,干吗还要找新的工作呢?

  4. B。as 和 while 均可引导时间状语从句,意为“当…的时候”,但此时 as 从句的谓语不能是状态动词。

  5. B。where 引导地点状语从句,意为“在…的地方”。句意为:你应该定一个规矩,把东西放在你能再找到它们的地方。

  6. A。now that(=since)引导原因状语从句,意思是“既然…”。might as well意为“不妨”。句意为:既然你得到一个机会,你不妨充分利用它。

  7. D。however 与它所修饰的形容词或副词要位于让步状语从句的前面,且用陈述句的词序。

  8. D。but 表示转折,说明在接电话之前对方就把电话挂了,因此选 before。

  9. C。句意是“如果 WTO 不包括一个占人类五分之一人口的国家,那么世贸组织也就名不符实了。”if 如果; as long as 只要(惟一条件); while 在…期间; 而,却; even if 即使。

  10. C。so that 引导目的状语从句。

  11. D。when 在 / 当…时。若用 unless(如果不)、although(虽然)和 since(自从)句意不通。

  12. A。even if 意为“即使”,构成让步状语从句。句意为:即使我们失败10次也不会放弃。

  13. D。since 引导原因状语从句,意为“因为、既然”; 特殊疑问句作 do you think 的宾语从句时,疑问词要放在 do you think 前面。

  14. C。引导让步状语从句不能用 how,要用 however (无论多么),后接形容词或副词。

  15. C。the first time(第一次)和 every time, by the time, last time 都可以引导时间状语从句。句意为:我第一次和她见面时,就认为她很诚实。

  16. C。后面句子的主语是 some spelling mistakes,不能作“检查(check)”的主语,因此,不能用非谓语动词作状语,只能选 C 这个条件状语从句。

  17. C。since 引导原因状语从句。for 引导的表原因的从句不能放在主句前面。

  18. A。where 引导一个地点状语从句,意思是“在…的地方”。因前面没有表地点的先行词,不可用引导定语从句的 in which。

  19. C。as 引导让步状语从句时,要把形容词、副词或名词放在它的前面,如果是名词,一般不加冠词。本题句意为:虽然我走过了那么多地方,我从来没有见过像约翰这样有能力的人。

  20. D。一位优秀的故事讲述者必须能够让听者在故事结束前一直保持好奇心。

  21. B。whether (不管…还是…、无论)引导让步状语从句。

  22. C。由前文可知我不想出去是“以防(in case)”John 打电话来。as soon as 只要(表条件); in order to=so that 为了(表目的)。

  23. D。unless 引导一个条件状语从句,意为“如果不(=if…not)”。

  24. B。the moment(=as soon as) 一…就…。另外,从句中的谓语动词 saw 是非延续性动词,不可用while引导。

  25. C。where(在…的地方)引导地点状语从句。wherever 引导让步状语从句,意为“无论在哪里”,与句意不符。

  26. C。句意为: Mr Hall 懂得尽管数学对他来说一向容易,但对于学生来说并不容易。

  27. C。until 与否定的主句连用,意为“直到…才”。

  28. A。so that(为了、以便)引导目的状语从句。

  29. C。before 在…之前。句意是:他犯了个错误,但他还没等事情恶化,就扭转了局面。

  30. C。as long as=on condition that 只要。句意为:只要我知道这些钱是安全的,我就不担心了。

  31. B。比较:as long as意为“只要”,even if意为“即使”,just as意为“正当”,均与题意不符合。as far as I can see 意为“据我所知”。

  32. A。考查while表示让步的用法。连词while除了表示时间“当…期间、和…同时”,和表示对比“而、却”外,还可表示让步“虽然、尽管”,与 although相同,它引导的从句位于主句之前。句意是:尽管我承认他并不完美,但我的确喜欢这个人。此外,while还可表示条件“只要(=as long as)”:While there is life, there is hope.只要有生命就会有希望。

  33. D。考查连词before的意义。首先通过去掉It was后,不能成为一个完整的句子可知,这不是强调结构,排除A; 若用B或C,意义不通,因此,只有D正确。虽然before的基本含义是“在…之前”,但译成汉语时却非常灵活。句意是:我们还没有到达 Winchester这个小镇,天就夜了。

  34. D.考查unless的意义。若用A、B或C,意义不通,只有选D。unless=if…not如果不…。句意是:要不是你在电话中说你不来了,我就会去剧院接你了。

  35. A。考查while表示让步的用法。while表示让步,意为“虽然、尽管”,与although相同,它引导的从句位于主句之前,本题句意是:尽管从事模特业绝非容易,但是优秀的模特总还是需要的。