高中英语知识点(动词) _ 高中英语

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(动词的时态与语态、情态动词、非谓语动词【分词{现在、过去}、动名词】)系动词、助动词、动词辨析)

分词 分词分为现在分词和过去分词两种,是一种非谓语动词形式.相关知识点精讲:

1.现在分词的用法:

1) 做表语: Thatbook was rather boring. 很多动词的现在分词都可以作表语:

exciting,interesting, encouraging, disappointing, confusing, touching, puzzling.

2) 作定语:That musthave been a terrifying experience. I found him a charming person.

现在分词短语还可以放在名词的后面修饰名词, 相当于一个定语从句:

There are a few boysswimming in the river.There is a car waiting outside.

3) 作状语:现在分词短语可以表示一个同时发生的次要的或伴随的动作:

Following Tom, westarted to climb the mountain Opening the drawer, he took out a box.

现在分词短语还可以表示原因,相当于一个原因状语从句:

Not knowing heraddress, we couldn’t get in touch with her.

现在分词短语还可以表示时间,相当于一个时间状语从句:

Hearing the news,they all jumped with joy. Jim hurt hisarm while playing tennis.

Be careful whencrossing the road.

4)作宾补: 现在分词在一些动词之后可以做宾语的补语:

例如, see,hear, catch, find, keep , have 等. I see himpassing my house every day.

Ismelt something burning. She kept himworking all day.

2.过去分词的用法:

1) 作表语:

She felt confused, andeven frightened. I’m satisfied with your answer. He is not interested inresearch.

2) 作定语:Theteacher gave us a satisfied smile.

cooked food a written report fried eggs boiled water fallen leaves

What’s the language spoken in thatcountry?

3)作状语:Seen fromthe hill, the city looks magnificent. They came in, followed by some children.

4)作宾补: 过去分词也同样可以作宾语的补语, 接在某些动词后面

I will have theclothes washed tomorrow. When they get back home, they found the room robbed.

本文由阿卡索在线英语学习网站英语口语培训专家王老师为大家收集整理。

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