高考英语语法考题·江苏卷(附详解) _高中英语

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所属分类:高中英语

  1. We went right round to the west coast by ______ sea instead of driving across ______ continent. (2008江苏卷)

  A. the; the B. 不填;the C. the; 不填 D. 不填;不填

  2. —Do you mind if I record your lecture?

  —______. Go ahead. (2008江苏卷)

  A. Never mind B. No way C. Not at all D. No. You’d better not

  3. —Is Peter there?

  —______, please. I’ll see if I can find him for you.

  A. Hold up B. Hold on C. Hold out D. Hold off

  4. The Science Museum, ______ we visited during a recent trip to Britain, is one of London’s tourist attractions. (2008江苏卷)

  A. which B. what C. that D. where

  5. —I can’t repair these until tomorrow, I’m afraid.

  —That’s OK, there’s ______.

  A. no problem B. no wonder C. no doubt D. no hurry

  6. —It shouldn’t take long to clear up after the party if we all volunteer to help.

  —That’s right. ______. (2008江苏卷)

  A. Many hands make light work B. Something is better than nothing

  C. The more the merrier D. The sooner begun, the sooner done

  7. It is often said that the joy of traveling is ______ in arriving at your destination ______ in the journey itself.

  A. 不填; but B. 不填; or C. not; or D. not; but

  8. —Why do you suggest we buy a new machine?

  —Because the old one has been damaged ______. (2008江苏卷)

  A. beyond reach B. beyond repair C. beyond control D. beyond description

  9. —They are quiet, aren’t they?

  —Yes. They are accustomed ______ at meals.

  A. to talk B. to not talk C. to talking D. to not talking

  10. It is ______ to spend money on preventing illnesses by promoting healthy living rather than spending it trying to make people ______ after they are ill.

  A. good; good B. well; better C. better; better D. better; good

  11. —I’m still working on my project.

  —Oh, you’ll miss the deadline. Time is ______.

  A. running out B. going out C. giving out D. losing out

  12. ______ you eat the correct foods ______ be able to keep fit and stay healthy.

  A. Only if; will you B. Only if; you will C. Unless; will you D. Unless; you will

  13. —I’m sure Andrew will win the first prize in the final.

  —I think so. He ______ for it for months.

  A. is preparing B. was preparing C. had been preparing D. has been preparing

  14. To learn English well, we should find opportunities to hear English ______ as much as we can.

  A. speak. B. speaking C. spoken D. to speak

  15. —I’m sorry. I ______ at you the other day.

  —Forget it. I was a bit out of control myself.

  A. shouldn’t shout B. shouldn’t have shouted

  C. mustn’t shout C. mustn’t have shouted

  【答案与解析】

  1. B。by sea为固定短语,意为“乘船”,其中不用冠词;第二空要用定冠词,因为此处为特指。

  2. C。Not at all相当于I don’t mind at all,意为“我一点也不介意”。

   3. B。hold on的意思是“稍等,别挂上(电话)”,又如:He asked me to hold on while he left the telephone to find a pencil. 他让我别挂电话,他去找一支铅笔。Hold on a minute; I haven’t written down a word you said. 等一下,别挂上,你所说的我还一个字没写下来呢。

  4. A。由于we visited during a recent trip to Britain中的动词visited缺宾语,故应选一个关系代词,排除D;而what不能引导定语从句,故排除B;而that不能引导非限制性定语从句,故排除C。which在此引导非限制性定语从句,修饰先行词the Science Museum。

  5. D。There’s no hurry为口语惯用语,其意为“时间尚早或尚有”“不必着急”。又如:There’s no hurry. Have a drink. 别急,来一杯。Don’t drive so fast. There’s no hurry. 别开那么快,不用着急。

  6. A。Many hands make light work为谚语,其意为“众人拾柴火焰高”“人多力量大”。

  7. D。此题考查not…but…句式,其意为“不是……而是……”,全句意为:人们常说,旅游的快乐并不在于你到达了目的地,而在于旅途本身。

  8. B。beyond的意思是指程度或范围“超出”“超过”,如:The radio is beyond repair. 这部收音机无法修理了。Good advice is beyond price. 好意见是无价之宝。The switch on the wall is beyond his reach. 墙上的开关他摸不着。The child is beyond my control. 这孩子我管不了。根据句意,只有B最合适。

  9. D。此题设计得很巧妙。be accustomed to的意思是“习惯于做……”,其中的to通常被认为是介词,后接名词或动名词,但在现代英语中,其后也可接动词原形,即其中的to被视为不定式符号。照此分析,好像四个答案都可以,但其实只有D最佳。因为根据语境分析(注意其中的are quiet, yes等关键词),此题应选一个否定式,故可排除A和C。另外,从语法上分析,只能选D不能选B,因为根据英语语法,非谓语动词的否定式总是将not置于非谓语动词之前,所以C应改为not to talk才对;至于D,由于其中的to是介词,其后接动名词talking作宾语,动名词talking的否定式为not talking,所以说to not talking是正确的。

  10. C。根据句中的than可知,第一空要用比较级better,故可排除A和C;再根据英语习惯,表示人身体方面的好或健康,要用well,不用good,可排除D。

  11. A。run out的意思是“结束,期满,告终”,又如:His term of office has run out. 他的任期已满。When does the lease of the house run out? 这房子的租约何时到期?

  12. A。根据英语语法习惯,当“only+状语”置于句首时,其后句子要用部分倒装。比较四个选项,只有A符合此特点。

  13. D。根据句中的…will win the first prize in the final可知,决赛还没有举行,所以下文谈到的“准备”指的肯定是从过去一直持续到现在的情况,故用现在完成进行时。

  14. C。由于English与speak之间为被动关系,故要用过去分词。

  15. B。由于must表示推测时通常不用于否定句,所以可排除C和D;再根据句中的the other day(几天前)可知,此处谈的是过去的情况,故要用“情态动词+完成式”,即答案移过B。

 

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