最近14年(含2008年)高考英语语法题的详解·冠词 _高中英语

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  1. —I’d like __________ information about the management of your hotel, please.

  —Well, you could have __________ word with the manager. He might be helpful. (NMET 1995)

  A. some, a B. an, some

  C. some, some D. an, a

  2. —Have you seen __________ pen? I left it here this morning.

  —Is it __________ black one? I think I saw it somewhere. (NMET1997)

  A. a; the B. the; the

  C. the; a D. a; a

  3. Paper money was in __________ use in China when Marco Polo visited the country in __________ thirteenth century. (NMET1999)

  A. the; 不填 B. the; the

  C. 不填; the D. 不填; 不填

  4. Most animals have little connection with __________ animals of __________ different kind unless they kill them for food. (NMET 2000)

  A. the; a B.不填; a

  C. the; the D.不填; the

  5. Jumping out of __________ airplane at ten thousand feet is quite __________ exciting experience. (NMET 2002)

  A. 不填, the B. 不填, an

  C. an, an D. the, the

  6. The sign reads “In case of __________ fire, break the glass and press __________ red button.” (NMET 2003)

  A. 不填; a B. 不填; the

  C. the; the D. a; a

  7. Five years ago her brother was __________ university student of __________ physics. (1990上海卷)

  A. a, the B. an, the

  C. an, 不填 D. a, 不填

  8. If the manager had to choose between the two, he would say John was __________. (1995上海卷)

  A. good B. the best

  C. better D. the better

  9. It is not rare in __________ that people in __________ fifties are going to university for further education. (1999上海卷)

  A. 90s; the B. the 90s; 不填

  C. 90s; their D. the 90s; their

  10. A bullet hit the soldier and he was wounded in __________ leg. (2001上海卷)

  A. a B. one

  C. the D. his

  11. One way to understand thousands of new words is to gain __________ good knowledge of basic word formation. (2002上海卷)

  A. 不填 B. the

  C. a D. one

  12. I earn 10 dollars __________ hour as __________ supermarket cashier on Saturdays. (2003上海卷)

  A. a; an B. the; a

  C. an; a D. an; the

  13. Summer in __________ south of France is for __________ most part dry and sunny. (2000北京春)

  A. 不填, a B. the, 不填

  C. 不填, 不填 D. the, the

  14. —Where’s __________ nearest bookstore?

  —There’s one at __________ end of the street. (2000上海春)

  A. the; an B. a; the

  C. the; the D. a; an

  15. Mr Smith, there’s a man at __________ front door who says he has __________ news for you of great importance. (2001北京春)

  A. the, 不填 B. the, the

  C. 不填, 不填 D. 不填, the

  16. I don’t like talking on __________ telephone; I prefer writing __________ letters. (2002北京春)

  A. a; the B. the; 不填

  C. the; the D. a; 不填

  17. The cakes are delicious. He’d like to have __________ third one because __________ second one is rather too small. (2002上海春)

  A. a; a B. the; the

  C. a; the D. the; a

  18. Our neighbor has __________ ours. (2003北京春)

  A. as a big house as B. as big a house as

  C. the same big house as D. a house the same big as

  19. On __________ news today, there were __________ reports of heavy snow in that area. (2004北京春)

  A. the; the B. the; 不填

  C. 不填; 不填 D. 不填; the

  20. Tom owns __________larger collection of __________books than any other student in our class. (2004江苏卷)

  A. the; 不填 B. a; 不填

  C. a; the D. 不填; the

  21. For a long time they walked without saying __________word. Jim was the first to break __________silence. (2004湖南卷)

  A. the; a B. a; the

  C. a; 不填 D. the; 不填

  22. When he left __________college, he got a job as __________reporter in a newspaper office. (2004天津卷)

  A. 不填; a B. 不填; the

  C. a; the D. the; the

  23. If you buy more than ten, they knock 20 pence off __________. (2004四川卷)

  A. a price B. price

  C. the price D. prices

  24. __________on-going division between English-speaking Canadians and French-speaking Canadians is __________major concern of the country. (2004北京卷)

  A. The; 不填 B. The; a

  C. An; the D. An; 不填

  25. The Wilsons live in __________A-shaped house near the coast. It is ­­­__________17th century cottage. (2004浙江卷)

  A. the, 不填 B. an, the

  C. 不填, the D. an, a

  【答案与解析】

  1. A。information 是不可数名词,排除 B 和 D。have a word with(和某人谈一下)是固定短语。

  2. D。两空均为泛指,用不定冠词。

  3. C。in use(在使用中)是固定词组; 第二空是在序数词前加 the,指第13世纪。

  4. B。animals 是名词复数表示泛指,不用冠词; kind 是单数可数名词,用 a 表示泛指。此题出自NMET1996中阅读理解C篇的第1句话:Most animals have little connection with animals of a different kind unless they hunt them for food.

  5. C。airplane 和 experience(经历)都是单数可数名词,表示泛指,因此,要加不定冠词。句意为:从一万英尺高的飞机里跳出来是一次非常激动人心的经历。

  6. B。fire 不是特指时不用冠词; red button 是特指,用 the。句意为:那块牌子上写着:“万一失火,就打碎这块玻璃,按那个红色按钮。”

  7. D。在表示职业身份的名词前用不定冠词,university 虽以元音字母开头,但读音却以辅音开始,因此用 a。又如,a useful book, a European boy, a one-eyed man 等。physics 是学科名词,前面不用冠词。

  8. D。表示“(两者中)较…的那一个”时,用“the+比较级”。

  9. D。表示在几十年代,在以 ty 结尾的复数基数词前加 the; 表示在某人几十多岁时,用 one’s 加以 ty 结尾的复数基数词。

  10. C。表示打/抓/拍某人的某个部位时,习惯上在部位名称前加the。

  11. C。knowledge 虽是不可数名词,没有复数形式,但却常用 a (good) knowledge of 表示“了解 / 懂得 / 熟悉…”。

  12. C。a / an 与表度量的词连用,与 per 相当,意为“(每)一”; 表示职业身份的名词前用 a / an。

  13. D。在带介词的方位名词前用 the; for the most part (多半,大部分)是固定词组。

  14. C。第一空是最高级前用 the; 第二空中 at the end of(在…的尽头或末尾)是固定词组。

  15. A。表示双方都知道的前门前用 the; news 是不可数名词,不是特指时不用冠词。

  16. B。on the telephone 是固定习语; letters 是名词复数表示泛指,不用冠词。

  17. C。序数词前用定冠词表示顺序,用不定冠词表示“又 / 再一”。句意为:蛋糕很好吃,因为他吃的第二块太小了,所以他想再吃一块。

  18. B。a / an 一般用于“形容词+单数可数名词”前,但要用于“how / so / as / too + adj.之后”。又如:How clever a boy! / He is so clever a boy. / It is too big a stone.

  19. B。前一空填the表示特指; 第二空后reports为复数表泛指,不加冠词。

  20. B。因为collection (收藏品,收集物) 是可数名词,此处为单数,又不是特指,所以用不定冠词; books 是名词复数表示种类,而非特指,所以不用冠词。又如:a fine collection of paintings 精美的绘画收藏品。

  21. B。因为word (话、话语) 是可数名词,without saying a word意为“没有说一句话”; 虽然silence (沉默) 是不可数名词,但此处是特指前面提到的那种沉默,所以用the。

  22. A。因为school, college, university, hospital, prison, church, table, bed名词等指其用途时,不用冠词。leave college意为“大学毕业”。又因为表示职业或身份的单数名词前通常要用不定冠词,所以选A。

  23. C。因为price是可数名词,在此句中为特指,所以用the。句意是:如果你买10个以上,他们会从那个价钱中减掉20便士。

  24. B。因为division后有介词短语between…and…的限制,这是特指的,所以要用the。又因为concern作“所关切的事”解是可数名词,所以前面要用冠词。

  25. D。因为house和cottage都是可数名词,且都不是特指,所以都用不定冠词。句意是:威尔逊一家住在海岸附近的一座A形的房子里; 那是一座17世纪时建的别墅。

 

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