最近14年(含2008年)高考英语语法题的详解·名词 _高中英语

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所属分类:高中英语

  1. He gained his __________ by printing __________ of famous writers. (NMET 1995)

  A. wealth; work B. wealths; works

  C. wealths; work D. wealth; works

  2. I’ll look into the matter as soon as possible. Just have a little __________. (NMET1996)

  A. wait B. time

  C. patience D. rest

  3. If by any chance someone comes to see me, ask them to leave a __________. (NMET1997)

  A. message B. letter

  C. sentence D. notice

  4. You’ll find this map of great __________ in helping you to get round London. (NMET1998)

  A. price B. cost

  C. value D. usefulness

  5. Many countries are increasing their use of natural gas, wind and other forms of __________. (1996上海卷)

  A. energy B. source

  C. power D. material

  6. Those football players had no strict __________ until they joined our club. (1997上海卷)

  A. practice B. education

  C. exercise D. training

  7. We all know that __________ speak louder than words. (1999上海卷)

  A. movements B. performances

  C. operations D. actions

  8. My parents always let me have my own __________ of living. (1999上海卷)

  A. way B. method

  C. manner D. fashion

  9. The new law will come into __________ on the day it is passed. (1999上海卷)

  A. effect B. use

  C. service D. existence

  10. “I don’t think it’s my __________ that the TV blew up. I just turned it on, that’s all,” said the boy. (2003上海卷)

  A. error B. mistake

  C. fault D. duty

  11. If this dictionary is not yours, __________ can it be? (2001北京春)

  A. what else B. who else

  C. which else’s D. who else’s

  12. For the sake of (为…着想) her daughter’s health, she decided to move to a warm __________. (2002上海春)

  A. weather B. temperature

  C. season D. climate

  13. —I’m sorry I stepped outside for a smoke. I was very tired.

  —There is no __________ for this while you are on duty. (2003北京春)

  A. reason B. excuse

  C. cause D. explanation

  14. I keep medicines on the top shelf, out of the children’s __________. (2004天津卷)

  A. reach B. hand

  C. hold D. place

  15. Don’t leave matches or cigarettes on the table within __________of little children. (2004湖北卷)

  A. hand B. reach

  C. space D. distance

  16. I am sure David will be able to find the library—he has a pretty good __________of direction. (2005浙江卷)

  A. idea B. feeling

  C. experience D. sense

  17. Bill was doing a lot of physical exercise to build up his__________. (2005天津卷)

  A. ability B. force

  C. strength D. mind

  18. My __________ of this weekend’s activity is going out with some good friends. (2005安徽卷)

  A. idea B. opinion

  C. mind D. thought

  19. The head office of the bank is in Beijing, but it has __________ all over the country. (2005辽宁卷)

  A. companies B. branches

  C. organizations D. businesses

  20. Finding information in today’s world is easy. The __________ is how you can tell if the information you get is useful or not. (2006天津卷)

  A. ability B. competition

  C. challenge D. knowledge

  【参考答案】

  1. D。wealth 是不可数名词,没有复数形式,排除 B 和 C; work 作“工作”解是不可数名词,但作“作品、著作”解是可数名词,可加 a,但通常用复数形式。

  2. C。have a little patience 有点耐心。

  3. A。leave a message 留下口信或便条。letter 信件, sentence 句子, notice 通知。

  4. C。of great value(很有作用)与 very valuable 相当,在句中作宾补。price (价格), cost (费用),usefulness (有用)不用于 of 这种结构。

  5. A。natural gas(天然气)和 wind(风力)均为“能(源)”,即 energy,而不是source(来源),power(能力、力量),material(材料)。

  6. D。运动员应当是通过严格的训练(training)。practice 实践,education 教育,exercise 练习。

  7. D。(谚)行动胜过言辞。

  8. A。have one’s own way of doing sth(有自己做某事的方法)是惯用句式。

  9. A。come into effect (生效)是习语。

  10. C。fault 过失、责任,mistake 错误, error(指违反一定标准或道德规范等方面的)错误。

  11. D。who else 的所有格是 who else’s。

  12. D。climate 指具有某种气候特征的地区。

  13. B。考查在语境中选择恰当的名词。excuse(理由、辩解), reason(原因), cause (原因), explanation(解释)。

  14. A。因为out of sb’s reach是习语,意为“伸手拿不到的、够不着的”。也可说beyond sb’s reach。

  15. B。因为within sb’s reach是习语,与out of /beyond sb’s reach相对,意为“伸手拿得到的、够得着的”。

  16. D。sense of direction意为“方向感”。

  17. C。做大量的体育锻炼,其目的自然是使身体强壮,用strength(=quality of being strong)。

  18. A。表示“主意,计划”用idea。

  19. B。与the head office of bank相对的应是“支行,分行”,用branches。

 

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