最近14年(含2008年)高考英语语法题的详解·倒装 _高中英语

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  1. Not until all the fish died in the river __________ how serious the pollution was. (NMET 1995)

  A. did the villagers realize B. the villagers realized

  C. the villagers did realize D. didn’t the villagers realize

  2. The old couple have been married for 40 years and never once __________ with each other. (NMET2003)

  A. they had quarrelled B. they have quarrelled

  C. have they quarreled D. had they quarreled

  3. Little __________ about his own safety, though he was in great danger himself. (1995上海卷)

  A. does he care B. did he care

  C. he cares D. he cared

  4. __________ for the free tickets, I would not have gone to the films so often.(1995上海卷)

  A. If it is not B. Were it not

  C. Had it not been D. If they were not

  5. —David has made great progress recently.

  —__________, and __________. (1997上海卷)

  A. so he has; so you have B. so he has; so have you

  C. so has he; so have you D. so has he; so you have

  6. —It was careless of you to have left your clothes outside all night.

  —My God! __________. (1999上海卷)

  A. So did I B. So I did

  C. So were you D. So did you

  7. Not a single song __________ at yesterday’s party. (2000上海卷)

  A. she sang B. sang she

  C. did she sing D. she did sing

  8. So difficult __________ it to live in an English-speaking country that I determined to learn English. (2001上海卷)

  A. I have felt B. have I felt

  C. I did feel D. did I feel

  9. —You forgot your purse when you went out.

  —Good heavens, __________. (2002 上海卷)

  A. so did I B. so I did

  C. I did so D. I so did

  10. Only when your identity has been checked, __________. (2003上海卷)

  A. you are allowed in B. you will be allowed in

  C. will you allow in D. will you be allowed in

  11. I finally got the job I dreamed about. Never in all my life __________ so happy! (2000北京春)

  A. did I feel B. I felt

  C. I had felt D. had I felt

  12. __________ can you expect to get a pay rise. (2000北京春)

  A. With hard work B. Although work hard

  C. Only with hard work D. Now that he works hard

  13. Only when the war was over __________ to his hometown.(2001上海春)

  A. did the young soldier return B. the young soldier returned

  C. returned the young soldier D. the young soldier did return

  14. Not only __________ interested in football but __________ beginning to show an interest in it. (2002上海春)

  A. the teacher himself is; all his students are

  B. the teacher himself is; are all his students

  C. is the teacher himself; are all his students

  D. is the teacher himself; all his students are

  15.—I would never ever come to this restaurant again. The food is terrible!

  —__________. (2004广西卷)

  A. Nor am I B. Neither would I

  C. Same with me D. So do I

  16. Of the making of good books there is no end; neither __________ any end to their influence man’s lives. (2004广东卷)

  A. there is B. there are

  C. is there D. are there

  【答案与解析】

  1. A。以 not until 开头的句子要用部分倒装; 是一般过去时,在主语前要加did,谓语动词用原形。句意为:直到河里的鱼全死了村民们才认识到污染的严重性。

  2. C。由否定意义的词 never once 开头,句子用部分倒装。前一并列分句已经提示要用现在完成时态。

  3. B。以 little, never, seldom, hardly 等含否定意义的词开头的句子要用部分倒装; 后文表明要用一般过去时,所以要用 did he care。

  4. C。Had it not been?的非倒装形式为 If it had not been叀5棺暗姆椒ㄊ牵菏÷?if,然后将 had 提到主语前。

  5. B。表示后者与前者的情况一样就用倒装; 如果是对上文加以肯定或强调“的确是这样”就不用倒装。句意是:“David 最近取得了很大的进步。”“是的,他取得了很大的进步,你也取得了很大进步。”

  6. B。对别人的话表示赞成“的确如此”,不用倒装。句意是:“你太粗心大意了,你的衣服在外面放了一夜。”“哎呀!真的是这样。”

  7. C。以 not 等否定意义的词开头的句子要用部分倒装。

  8. D。以“so + 形容词”开头的句子要用部分倒装; 由 determined 可知用一般过去时。

  9. B。句意是:天哪!我确实忘了带钱包。

  10. D。only 加状语置于句首,要用部分倒装,排除 A 和 B; 又因 you 与 allow是被动关系,排除 C。

  11. D。以 never 开头的句子要部分倒装; 表示过去(got the job )的过去,要用过去完成时。

  12. C。因题干是部分倒装句,只有答案 C 能构成倒装的条件:only 加状语开头的句子要用部分倒装。

  13. A。only 加状语置于句首,要用部分倒装。

  14. D。not only卋ut also?连接两个分句时,仅仅是 not only 这一分句要部分倒装。

  15. B。因为表示甲不做某事,乙也同样不做某事,用“neither /nor +特殊词+主语”,“特殊词”用与前句中的情态动词、助动词或be相同,或根据前句的时态,用do, does, did。因前句中有would,后句应重复would,所以选B。

  16. C。因为以表示“与…一样不/没有”的否定词neither开头,要用部分倒装,排除A和B; 又根据there be后的名词end是单数,be用is,而不用are,所以只有C正确。

 

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