英文中关于机器词汇的比较 _阿卡索外教网

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  英文中关于“机器”词汇的比较
 
  Machine, appliance, apparatus, tool, instrument, implement, device gadget
 
  I. Machine
 
  A machine consists of moving parts powered by electricity, etc and is designed for a specific job. machine是由电力等驱动的机器,是为了做某种工作而设计的。
 
  II. Appliance
 
  An appliance is a machine used in the house, such as a washing-machine or dishwasher.
 
  Appliance 是家用电器, 如洗衣机 洗碗机。
 
  III.Apparatus
 
  An apparatus is a system of connected machines, wires, etc
 
  apparatus 是相联结的机器、导线等系统 eg. The apparatus for lighting the stage.
 
  IV. Tool
 
  A tool is an object held in the hand , often used by people in their jobs, eg. a hammer, drill or spanner.
 
  是手持工具,常为干活儿人用的,如,锤子、钻或扳手儿。
 
  V.Instrument
 
  An instrument is a tool designed for a technical task, eg a surgeon’s knife. It may have some moving parts and be used in a technical operation ,eg a microscope or meter.
 
  Instrument 是为技术工作设计的工具,如,手术刀 也可为有某些运转部件用于技术操作, 如,显微镜 或 仪表。
 
  VI.Implement
 
  An implement is a tool generally used outdoors, especially in gardening or farming ,eg. A plough, rake or spade.
 
  Implement 是用于户外的工具,尤指园艺或农作中用的,如犁,耙或锹.
 
  VII. Device
 
  Device is often used implying approval of a useful machine or instrument.
 
  Device 常含褒义,指某机器或工具很有用处:a labor-saving device 省力的器具。A clever device for locking windows
 
  锁窗的灵巧装置。
 
  VIII. Gadget
 
  Gadget is more informal and can suggest disapproval
 
  # Gadget 较为通俗, 可含贬义 。
 
  eg All these modern gadgets are more trouble than they’re worth. 所以这些现代化的装置都是话钱买麻烦的玩意儿。
 


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