从《新概念》第三册谈"生病"的多种英文表达

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所属分类:新概念英语
英语培训

  你知道英文里描述“生病”的多种说法吗?

  1. have:表示“生病”,后常跟表示疾病的名词,是最通俗的说法,多用于口语。

  例句:As I remember, my brother and sister both had severe asthmatic attacks in the childhood.我记得,我弟弟和妹妹小时候都得过严重的哮喘病。

  2. take/catch:均可表示“生病”,且含有“感染”之意。美国人多用take,英国人多用catch。

  例句:Mary takes cold easily. 玛丽易患感冒。 Towards the end of the year, his son caught scarlet fever. 快到年底的时候他儿子得了腥红热。

  3. contract:较正式的“生病”用语,常用于书面语。

  例句:The patient may contract acute bacterial peritonitis, in which case a surgical intervention should be considered. 该病人可能患有急性细菌性腹膜炎,在这种情况下就得考虑手术处理。

  4. get:常作“生病”讲,后接表示疾病的名词。

  例句:I think she's got epidemic meningitis. 我怀疑她得了流行性脑膜炎。

  5. suffer from:常用来表示“患病”,后接疾病名词,多用于医生与病人的交谈之中。

  例句:Is there anybody in your family who has suffered from the same eye disease as you? 你家中还有没有人得过跟你一样的眼病?

  6. (be) ill with:如表示“患……病”的时候后面须跟with,多见于英式英语。

  例句:The patient is ill with influenza. 病人患流行性感冒。

  7. (be) sick with:多用于美式英语,与be ill with可以相互替换,但sick with不能改为sick of。

  例句:The doctor told me that I was sick(ill) with hypertension.医生说我患有高血压。

  8. fall ill(sick) with; fall ill(sick):表示“患……病”时,后面须加with。

  例句:Jackie fell ill with a fever last week and has been in bed ever since.杰基上星期发烧,一直躺在床上。

  9. be seized with:一般表示“突然患……病”。

  例句:The patient was seized with apoplexy yesterday afternoon.病人昨天下午忽患中风。

  10. be attacked with:基本意是“为……疾病所侵袭”,常译成“患……病”。

  例句:Attacked with acute myocardial infraction, the patient was warded for a week in hospital. 病人患急性心肌梗塞后,在医院里监护了一个星期。

  11. be troubled with:意为“患……病”。

  例句:The patient troubled with constipation should have enough sleep, regular time for meal and proper mastication of food. 便秘病人应有足够的睡眠,进食定时,对于食物要细嚼慢咽。

  12. be vulnerable to:一般常用来表示“易患……病”。

  例句:Fibres from the macular region of the retina are particularly vulnerable to inflammation. 视网膜斑区的纤维特别易患炎症。

  所以各位同学如果在表达感冒了的时候,现在就有多种选择了,而不要永远就用have a cold来表达。学以致用,让你的英语丰富起来。

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